Experiments were done in the last half of the 20th century to see if diseases like high lipids and cholesterol could be treated with surgical procedures such as intestinal bypass.
In 1995, Dr. Walter Pories and his research team published an article titled “Who would have thought it? An operation proves to be the most effective therapy for adult-onset diabetes mellitus”. Since that landmark paper, much evidence has been accumulated showing that surgery can cure/improve several metabolic diseases, especially adult onset or Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In 2009 the American Society for Bariatric Surgery (ASBS) changed its name to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) to promote information on the beneficial effects of surgeries for weight loss in treating metabolic diseases, especially Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).
Today, the term Metabolic Surgery is used to describe surgical procedures to treat metabolic diseases, especially, type 2 diabetes.
The best-known metabolic surgery is the Gastric Bypass with over 20 years of experience with this procedure. Other established procedures are the Gastric Band and the Biliopancreatic Diversion with or without Duodenal Switch.
Experimental procedures under study include the Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, Ilial Interposition and Duodenojejunal Bypass. Other minimally invasive devices, such as the Intraluminal Duodenal Sleeve are also being investigated.
You can discuss all of these metabolic surgeries and which one is best for you at the office consult with the surgeon.